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# Grove - GSR Sensor

GSR stands for galvanic skin response, is a method of measuring the electrical conductance of the skin. Strong emotion can cause stimulus to your sympathetic nervous system, resulting more sweat being secreted by the sweat glands. Grove - GSR allows you to spot such strong emotions by simple attaching two electrodes to two fingers on one hand. It is an interesting to create emotion related projects like sleep quality monitor.

Warning

Grove-GSR Sensor measures the resistance of the people, NOT Conductivity!

## Version¶

Product Version Changes Released Date
Grove - GSR_Sensor V1.0 Initial June 19, 2013
Grove - GSR_Sensor V1.2 Add C3 100nf between M324PW-TSSOP14 and GND July 31, 2014

## Specification¶

Parameter Value/Range
Operating voltage 3.3V/5V
Input Signal Resistance, NOT Conductivity
Finger contact material Nickel

Tip

## Platforms Supported¶

Arduino Raspberry Pi BeagleBone Wio LinkIt ONE

Caution

The platforms mentioned above as supported is/are an indication of the module's software or theoritical compatibility. We only provide software library or code examples for Arduino platform in most cases. It is not possible to provide software library / demo code for all possible MCU platforms. Hence, users have to write their own software library.

## Getting Started¶

### Play With Arduino¶

#### Hardware¶

• Step 1. We need to prepare the below stuffs:
Seeeduino V4.2 Base Shield Grove - GSR
Get ONE Now Get ONE Now Get ONE Now
• Step 2. Connect the Grove-GSR to A0 on Base Shield.
• Step 3. Plug the base Shield into Seeeduino-V4.2.
• Step 4. Connect Seeeduino-V4.2 to PC by using a USB cable.

Note

If we don't have a Base Shield, don't worry, the sensor can be connected to your Arduino directly. Please follow below tables to connect with Arduino.

Seeeduino Grove-GSR Sensor
GND Black
5V Red
NC White
A0 Yellow

#### Software¶

• Step 1. Copy the code into Arduino IDE and upload.
 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 const int GSR=A0; int sensorValue=0; int gsr_average=0; void setup(){ Serial.begin(9600); } void loop(){ long sum=0; for(int i=0;i<10;i++) //Average the 10 measurements to remove the glitch { sensorValue=analogRead(GSR); sum += sensorValue; delay(5); } gsr_average = sum/10; Serial.println(gsr_average); }
• Step 2. Do not Wear the GSR sensor.
• Step 3. Click the Tools-> Serial Plotter from Arduino IDE
• Step 4. Use the screw driver to adjust resistor until the serial output as 512.
• Step 5. Wear the GSR sensor.
• Step 6. We will see the below graph. Please deep breath and see the trends.

### Play With Raspberry Pi (With Grove Base Hat for Raspberry Pi)¶

#### Hardware¶

• Step 1. Things used in this project:
Raspberry pi Grove Base Hat for RasPi Grove - GSR Sensor
Get ONE Now Get ONE Now Get ONE Now
• Step 2. Plug the Grove Base Hat into Raspberry Pi.
• Step 3. Connect the Grove - GSR Sensor to to the A0 port of the Base Hat.
• Step 4. Connect the Raspberry Pi to PC through USB cable.

Note

For step 3 you are able to connect the Grove - GSR sensor to any Analog Port but make sure you change the command with the corresponding port number.

#### Software¶

• Step 1. Follow Setting Software to configure the development environment.
• Step 2. Download the source file by cloning the grove.py library.
 1 2 cd ~ git clone https://github.com/Seeed-Studio/grove.py
• Step 3. Excute below commands to run the code.

 1 2 cd grove.py/grove nano grove_gsr_sensor.py
Then you should copy following code in this file and hit Ctrl+X to quit and save.

 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 import math import sys import time from grove.adc import ADC class GroveGSRSensor: def __init__(self, channel): self.channel = channel self.adc = ADC() @property def GSR(self): value = self.adc.read(self.channel) return value Grove = GroveGSRSensor def main(): if len(sys.argv) < 2: print('Usage: {} adc_channel'.format(sys.argv[0])) sys.exit(1) sensor = GroveGSRSensor(int(sys.argv[1])) print('Detecting...') while True: print('GSR value: {0}'.format(sensor.GSR)) time.sleep(.3) if __name__ == '__main__': main()
• Step 4. Excute below command to run the code
 1 python grove_gsr_sensor.py 0
 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 !!!success If everything goes well, you will be able to see the following result `python pi@raspberrypi:~/grove.py/grove \$ python grove_gsr_sensor.py 0 Detecting... GSR value: 503 GSR value: 503 GSR value: 503 GSR value: 503 GSR value: 503 GSR value: 383 GSR value: 256 GSR value: 314 GSR value: 348 GSR value: 361 GSR value: 368 GSR value: 371 ^CTraceback (most recent call last): File "grove_gsr_sensor.py", line 69, in main() File "grove_gsr_sensor.py", line 66, in main time.sleep(.3) KeyboardInterrupt

You can quit this program by simply press Ctrl+C.

Notice

You may have noticed that for the analog port, the silkscreen pin number is something like A1, A0, however in the command we use parameter 0 and 1, just the same as digital port. So please make sure you plug the module into the correct port, otherwise there may be pin conflicts.

## FAQ¶

Q1: What is the unit of output?

A1: We measure the signal by voltage and print to COM port as (0~1023).

## Projects¶

eMotion - Towards a Better Future: We believe we can use biometric sensors, the security of the Helium platform and strength of Google Cloud to surface possible anxiety states.

## Tech Support¶

Please submit any technical issue into our forum.