GSR stands for galvanic skin response, is a method of measuring the electrical conductance of the skin. Strong emotion can cause stimulus to your sympathetic nervous system, resulting more sweat being secreted by the sweat glands. Grove - GSR allows you to spot such strong emotions by simple attaching two electrodes to two fingers on one hand. It is an interesting to create emotion related projects like sleep quality monitor.


Grove-GSR Sensor measures the resistance of the people, NOT Conductivity!


Product Version Changes Released Date
Grove - GSR_Sensor V1.0 Initial June 19, 2013
Grove - GSR_Sensor V1.2 Add C3 100nf between M324PW-TSSOP14 and GND July 31, 2014


Parameter Value/Range
Operating voltage 3.3V/5V
Sensitivity Adjustable via a potentiometer
Input Signal Resistance, NOT Conductivity
Output Signal Voltage, analog reading
Finger contact material Nickel


More details about Grove modules please refer to Grove System

Platforms Supported

Arduino Raspberry Pi


The platforms mentioned above as supported is/are an indication of the module's software or theoritical compatibility. We only provide software library or code examples for Arduino platform in most cases. It is not possible to provide software library / demo code for all possible MCU platforms. Hence, users have to write their own software library.

Getting Started

Play With Arduino


  • Step 1. We need to prepare the below stuffs:
Seeeduino V4.2 Base Shield Grove - GSR
enter image description here enter image description here enter image description here
Get ONE Now Get ONE Now Get ONE Now
  • Step 2. Connect the Grove-GSR to A0 on Base Shield.
  • Step 3. Plug the base Shield into Seeeduino-V4.2.
  • Step 4. Connect Seeeduino-V4.2 to PC by using a USB cable.


If we don't have a Base Shield, don't worry, the sensor can be connected to your Arduino directly. Please follow below tables to connect with Arduino.

Seeeduino Grove-GSR Sensor
GND Black
5V Red
NC White
A0 Yellow


  • Step 1. Copy the code into Arduino IDE and upload.
const int GSR=A0;
int sensorValue=0;
int gsr_average=0;

void setup(){

void loop(){
  long sum=0;
  for(int i=0;i<10;i++)           //Average the 10 measurements to remove the glitch
      sum += sensorValue;
   gsr_average = sum/10;
  • Step 2. Do not Wear the GSR sensor.
  • Step 3. Click the Tools-> Serial Plotter from Arduino IDE
  • Step 4. Use the screw driver to adjust resistor until the serial output as 512.
  • Step 5. Wear the GSR sensor.
  • Step 6. We will see the below graph. Please deep breath and see the trends.

Human Resistance = ((1024+2*Serial_Port_Reading)*10000)/(512-Serial_Port_Reading), unit is ohm, Serial_Port_Reading is the value display on Serial Port(between 0~1023)

Play With Raspberry Pi (With Grove Base Hat for Raspberry Pi)


  • Step 1. Things used in this project:
Raspberry pi Grove Base Hat for RasPi Grove - GSR Sensor
enter image description here enter image description here enter image description here
Get ONE Now Get ONE Now Get ONE Now
  • Step 2. Plug the Grove Base Hat into Raspberry Pi.
  • Step 3. Connect the Grove - GSR Sensor to to the A0 port of the Base Hat.
  • Step 4. Connect the Raspberry Pi to PC through USB cable.


For step 3 you are able to connect the Grove - GSR sensor to any Analog Port but make sure you change the command with the corresponding port number.


  • Step 1. Follow Setting Software to configure the development environment.
  • Step 2. Download the source file by cloning the grove.py library.
cd ~
git clone https://github.com/Seeed-Studio/grove.py
  • Step 3. Excute below commands to run the code.

cd grove.py/grove
nano grove_gsr_sensor.py
Then you should copy following code in this file and hit Ctrl+X to quit and save.

import math
import sys
import time
from grove.adc import ADC

class GroveGSRSensor:

    def __init__(self, channel):
        self.channel = channel
        self.adc = ADC()

    def GSR(self):
        value = self.adc.read(self.channel)
        return value

Grove = GroveGSRSensor

def main():
    if len(sys.argv) < 2:
        print('Usage: {} adc_channel'.format(sys.argv[0]))

    sensor = GroveGSRSensor(int(sys.argv[1]))

    while True:
        print('GSR value: {0}'.format(sensor.GSR))

if __name__ == '__main__':
  • Step 4. Excute below command to run the code
python grove_gsr_sensor.py 0
    If everything goes well, you will be able to see the following result


pi@raspberrypi:~/grove.py/grove $ python grove_gsr_sensor.py 0
GSR value: 503
GSR value: 503
GSR value: 503
GSR value: 503
GSR value: 503
GSR value: 383
GSR value: 256
GSR value: 314
GSR value: 348
GSR value: 361
GSR value: 368
GSR value: 371
^CTraceback (most recent call last):
  File "grove_gsr_sensor.py", line 69, in <module>
  File "grove_gsr_sensor.py", line 66, in main

You can quit this program by simply press Ctrl+C.


You may have noticed that for the analog port, the silkscreen pin number is something like A1, A0, however in the command we use parameter 0 and 1, just the same as digital port. So please make sure you plug the module into the correct port, otherwise there may be pin conflicts.


Q1: What is the unit of output?

A1: We measure the signal by voltage and print to COM port as (0~1023).

Grove - GSR v1.0

Grove - GSR v1.2



eMotion - Towards a Better Future: We believe we can use biometric sensors, the security of the Helium platform and strength of Google Cloud to surface possible anxiety states.

Tech Support

Please submit any technical issue into our forum.