Creating Bootable USB and Installing OS (Ubuntu Desktop 18.04)

This tutorial demonstrates how to create a bootable USB drive and install Linux OS(Ubuntu Desktop 18.04) onto the ODYSSEY - X86J4105.

Hardware Requirements

  • A Working Computer

  • A USB Drive(>= 8GB is recommended)

  • A Monitor

  • Keyboard and Mouse

Creating a Bootable USB

Step 1 - Download the Operating System Image

Download your required OS Image to your local drive. In this tutorial, Ubuntu Desktop 18.04 is used to demonstrate to install into the ODYSSEY - X86J4105.

  • You can download Ubuntu OS Image from here.

Step 2 - Prepare your Bootable USB

Format the USB drive. If you are a Windows user, you can format the USB drive by right-clicking the USB Drive and select Format.

Note: Choose FAT32 for the File System.

Step 3 - Download Flash Burner

Download the Open Source Flash burner balenaEtcher. Download the version according to your operating system(Windows/macOS/Linux).

Step 4 - Writing the OS Image into USB

Select the downloaded Operating System Image, select the formatted USB Drive and Flash! Now, the bootable USB is all set to go.

Installing Operating System (Ubuntu)

Step 1 - Selecting Bootable USB as Boot Device

Plug in your bootable USB, Monitor and keyboard to ODYSSEY - X86J4105, and power up. When booting up, keep pressing F7 to enter the Boot Manager Screen. And use ↑ and ↓ Key on keyboard to select your bootable USB.

In this Tutorial, UEFI: Mass Storage Device 1.00 is the bootable USB.

Step 2 - Installing the OS

Select the Install ubuntu and press Enter. Follow through the installing instructions on the screen, i.e. system language, user name, location and etc.

Note: For detail steps of Installing ubuntu, you can follow this video for more information. The Installing part starts at 3:20 in the video.

Step 3 - Reboot and Enjoy New OS!

If everything goes well, ubuntu should be installed on the ODYSSEY - X86J4105 and you can start enjoying your new OS!

How to Upgrade the BIOS

BIOS is also like an OS and can be upgraded to fix bugs and enhance performance of the ODYSSEY - X86J4105. Here is the instruction how to upgrade the BIOS version on ODYSSEY - X86J4105.

Current Latest BIOS Version and Changelog

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Important Notes

1. It wipes the old BIOS settings, and so you would need to re-activate your Windows(if using Windows) again (wipes the activation key, needs Internet to activate again).

2. If you have the non-EMMC version of ODYSSEY-X86, before updating the BIOS, Please make sure to disable eMMC in the BIOS Settings Before and After the updates.

You may check in the BIOS main page for BIOS and EC Firmware's versions.

Latest BIOS Firmware

SD-BS-CJ41G-300-101-H 08/16/2021 15:00:00

  • SHA256: 9ea30178b4ef8453c6f24f037b4b3352ac6d214c7c22f94985428bcb23a178c2

  • Improve overall stability.

Note: If you want the above BIOS with bifurcation feature enabled, please contact techsupport@seeed.cc

With bifurcation feature, you will be able to use the M.2 M-Key for 4 PCIe x1. This enables you to connect four different PCIe x1 devices to the M.2 such as multiple network ports, multiple SSDs and other expansion devices. With the normal BIOS without bifurcation feature, M.2 M-Key can be used for only one PCIe x4.

History BIOS:

SD-BS-CJ41G-300-101-F 04/16/2021 01:20:07

  • SHA256: 53711DBF9FB6ABE564BE1C7A870840F8B87CAA42239448869D87C08C1BDF0EC5

  • Improve overall stability.

SD-BS-CJ41G-300-101-C 03/11/2021 16:28:07

  • SHA256: 12f4ce1ab81008525138fcd7d830e18dc13936f3ce4a51e17c314fc55debe480

  • Fix bug: loads into other OS other than Windows when set to load others.

SD-BS-CJ41G-M-101-K 12/31/2020 20:34:37

  • SHA256: 7208d39c4f77a4837a0a1072dce45c7bc8feba28597522ea036778a9c09aa61a

  • Added Secure Boot.

  • Added Wake on LAN.
  • Fix reboot into BIOS settings page under Linux environment (Eg. systemctl reboot --firmware-setup).
  • Fix Linux Wake on Lan light issue.

SD-BS-CJ41G-M-101-G 08/31/2020 14:01:20

SHA256: eb932b69435d26a5b076c485c90e4289a697681ac092c18e85c86804e3fe4206

  1. Under BIOS Menu, Setup -> Chipset -> Fan Control, added Always On options.

SD-BS-CJ41G-M-101-E 01/07/2020 14:03:11

SHA256: 98bb25d6d32250fb10bf047f5902630b82a8560020fb4336d7723b4dfb3f9df2

  1. Fix the problem of incomplete display of startup Seeed logo screen.


Latest BIOS support auto-flash feature, where you only need to place the files in the root location of FAT32 format USB and select the USB-drive as boot up option. It will automatic enters flashing.

Step 1 - Download the newest version of BIOS

Download the latest version of BIOS from here.

Step 2 - Prepare bootable USB

Just like creating a bootable USB for installing OS, format the USB into FAT32 file system. This time, just unzip the downloaded file and copy the contents into the USB.

Step 3 - Upgrading BIOS

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The first boot up from the BIOS upgrade is relatively long, please be patient to wait, and the installed OS will launch eventually. It will take around 3 ~ 5 minutes.

Plug the USB into ODYSSEY - X86J4105 and boot up and follow steps below:

  • Keep pressing F7 Key to Enter Boot Manager Screen. Select the UEFI: Built-in EFI Shell as boot device and press Enter.
  • Wait a couple of seconds to enter the EFI shell
  • You will see the following message
  • Type BIOS.nsh and press ENTER to start the update process
  • If the BIOS update was successful, you will see the following output

Step 4 - Reboot

  • When the BIOS is upgraded, press the ON/OFF button, and you should see the blue light goes off.

  • Unplug the DC power jack and RTC battery from the ODYSSEY-X86.

  • Wait a couple of minutes

  • Plug the RTC battery and DC power jack back to the ODYSSEY-X86.

  • Press the ON/OFF button and wait patiently. You should see the blue light goes on.

Step 5 - Wait Patiently

Please wait patiently and DO NOT unplug power (or the hardware) to corrupt the updating process. The process will take 6 ~ 8 minutes, feel free for a coffee break!

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The first boot up from the BIOS upgrade is relatively long, please be patient to wait, and the installed OS will launch eventually. It will take around 6 ~ 8 minutes.

How to update the Embedded Controller

The X86 also has a embedded controller that can be updated. Updating the EC has the same procedure as updating BIOS(auto-update):

  1. Download the firmware files.

  2. Save them in the root location of a FAT32 formatted USB drive.

  3. Start ODYSSEY-X86 and press F7 to enter Boot Select Mode

  4. Choose the connected flash drive (if there are 2 options for the flash drive, choose the one that starts with UEFI)

  5. Wait and it will automatically start the flashing process.

  6. Reboot the device when it's done.

Latest EC Firmware

SD-EC-CJ41G-M-101-Q 10/12/2021 17:00:00

  • SHA256: 6009005FF61A64A580F0862343CED1E1E8B4DE8625E326510582063D6E20BCE4

  • Fixing bug: Increase overall stability.

History EC Firmware:

SD-EC-CJ41G-M-101-O 08/16/2021 15:00:00

  • SHA256: a08605b8b76bda6a50b64e64c4a9b256297d393f7139ffb2525cc93b28556f13

  • Fixing bug: Increase overall stability.

SD-EC-CJ41G-M-101-M 04/16/2021 01:20:07

  • SHA256: DB6E1F77D6EB4B9A79DDAF6E7A55052B7BE6E63B8339C7B948FF111E5C9CA8AD

  • Fixing bug: Increase overall stability.

SD-EC-CJ41G-M-101-K 03/23/2021 10:57:32

  • SHA256: 5e479185398121b1913ada3cff03264ea1522196b53f34c9ace77bd1f3ecc47e

  • Fixing bug: Increase stability of the EC firmware.

SD-EC-CJ41G-M-101-J 02/02/2021 15:39:11

  • SHA256: 4ab099f45439f8f6ec14e25ae50a64f878eed4c998e39000e17f2047df6bbb83

  • Fixing bug: Shutting down during BIOS setting page causes the ODYSSEY needs to reset the power in order to turn back on.

SD-EC-CJ41G-M-101-I 12/31/2020 20:34:37

  • SHA256: 94f664401120183238c5eaa41ea267b240dd5836fa879c568bf3275bca508c52

  • Optimize FAN control logic

SD-EC-CJ41G-M-101-C 08/31/2020 14:01:20

  • SHA256: 4b7ed82357eb608c3ec00f6f5f0358a35e63b327ae33855eb5e7608814f8df6a

  • Optimize the problem of incorrect starting and turning temperature of the Fan.


  • Ubuntu 16 is not supported by ODYSSEY - X86J4105

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