Creating Bootable USB and Installing OS (Ubuntu Desktop 18.04)

This tutorial demonstrates how to create a bootable USB drive and install Linux OS(Ubuntu Desktop 18.04) onto the ODYSSEY - X86J4105.

Hardware Requirements

  • A Working Computer

  • A USB Drive(>= 8GB is recommended)

  • A Monitor

  • Keyboard and Mouse

Creating a Bootable USB

Step 1 - Download the Operating System Image

Download your required OS Image to your local drive. In this tutorial, Ubuntu Desktop 18.04 is used to demonstrate to install into the ODYSSEY - X86J4105.

  • You can download Ubuntu OS Image from here.

Step 2 - Prepare your Bootable USB

Format the USB drive. If you are a Windows user, you can format the USB drive by right-clicking the USB Drive and select Format.

Note: Choose FAT32 for the File System.

Step 3 - Download Flash Burner

Download the Open Source Flash burner balenaEtcher. Download the version according to your operating system(Windows/macOS/Linux).

Step 4 - Writing the OS Image into USB

Select the downloaded Operating System Image, select the formatted USB Drive and Flash! Now, the bootable USB is all set to go.

Installing Operating System (Ubuntu)

Step 1 - Selecting Bootable USB as Boot Device

Plug in your bootable USB, Monitor and keyboard to ODYSSEY - X86J4105, and power up. When booting up, keep pressing F7 to enter the Boot Manager Screen. And use ↑ and ↓ Key on keyboard to select your bootable USB.

In this Tutorial, UEFI: Mass Storage Device 1.00 is the bootable USB.

Step 2 - Installing the OS

Select the Install ubuntu and press Enter. Follow through the installing instructions on the screen, i.e. system language, user name, location and etc.

Note: For detail steps of Installing ubuntu, you can follow this video for more information. The Installing part starts at 3:20 in the video.

Step 3 - Reboot and Enjoy New OS!

If everything goes well, ubuntu should be installed on the ODYSSEY - X86J4105 and you can start enjoying your new OS!

How to Upgrade the BIOS

BIOS is also like an OS and can be upgraded to fix bugs and enhance performance of the RODYSSEY - X86J4105. Here is the instruction how to upgrade the BIOS verison on ODYSSEY - X86J4105.

Current Latest BIOS Version and Changelog

  • Latest BIOS:

SD-BS-CJ41G-M-101-G 08/31/2020 14:01:20

  • SHA256: eb932b69435d26a5b076c485c90e4289a697681ac092c18e85c86804e3fe4206

  • Under BIOS Menu, Setup -> Chipset -> Fan Control, added Always On options.

History BIOS:

SD-BS-CJ41G-M-101-E 01/07/2020 14:03:11

  • SHA256: 98bb25d6d32250fb10bf047f5902630b82a8560020fb4336d7723b4dfb3f9df2

  • Fix the problem of incomplete display of startup Seeed logo screen.


Latest BIOS support auto-flash feature, where you only need to place the files in the root location of FAT32 format USB and select the USB-drive as boot up option. It will automatic enters flashing.

Step 1 - Download the newest version of BIOS

Download the latest version of BIOS from here.

Step 2 - Prepare bootable USB

Just like creating a bootable USB for installing OS, format the USB into FAT32 file system. This time, just unzip the downloaded file and copy the unzipped folder into the USB.

Step 3 - Upgrading BIOS

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The first boot up from the BIOS upgrade is relatively long, please be patient to wait, and the installed OS will launch eventually. It will take around 3 ~ 5 minutes.

Plug the USB into ODYSSEY - X86J4105 and boot up and follow steps below:

  • Keep pressing F7 Key to Enter Boot Manager Screen. Select the UEFI: Built-in EFI Shell as boot device and press Enter.
  • Enter the shell by pressing any key.
  • Enter the USB drive by typing fs1: and press Enter. Then, use dir to check the directories. The folder name will appear and use cd SD-BS-CJ41G-M101-A to go into the folder.

Note: Can use tab to autofill the folder name

  • Once inside this folder, use dir again to list out all the files in the folder and use cd SD-BS-CJ41G-M-101-A to go in this folder. Use dir one more time to list out files in this secondary folder.
  • Run the BIOS.nsh and the updating process will begin.
  • The BIOS update will finish in few moments.

Step 4 - Reboot

When the BIOS is upgraded, reboot the ODYSSEY - X86J4105(Switch on and off the power).

attention icon


The first boot up from the BIOS upgrade is relatively long, please be patient to wait, and the installed OS will launch eventually. It will take around 3 ~ 5 minutes.

How to update the Embedded Controller

The X86 also has a embedded controller that can be updated. Updating the EC has the same procedure as updating BIOS(auto-update):

  1. Download the firmware files.

  2. Save them in the root location of a FAT32 format USB drive.

  3. Start ODYSSEY-X86 and boot up from the USB drive. Wait and it will automatically start the flashing process.

  4. Reboot the device when it's done.

Latest EC Firmware

SD-EC-CJ41G-M-101-C 08/31/2020 14:01:20

  • SHA256: 4b7ed82357eb608c3ec00f6f5f0358a35e63b327ae33855eb5e7608814f8df6a

  • Optimize the problem of incorrect starting and turning temperature of the Fan.


  • Ubuntu 16 is not supported by ODYSSEY - X86J4105

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